tld

Extract the top level domain (TLD) from the URL given. List of TLD names is taken from Mozilla.

Optionally raises exceptions on non-existing TLDs or silently fails (if fail_silently argument is set to True).

Prerequisites

  • Python 2.7, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6, 3.7 and PyPy

Documentation

Documentation is available on Read the Docs.

Installation

Latest stable version on PyPI:

pip install tld

Or latest stable version from GitHub:

pip install https://github.com/barseghyanartur/tld/archive/stable.tar.gz

Or latest stable version from BitBucket:

pip install https://bitbucket.org/barseghyanartur/tld/get/stable.tar.gz

Usage examples

In addition to examples below, see the jupyter notebook workbook file.

Get the TLD name as string from the URL given

from tld import get_tld

get_tld("http://www.google.co.uk")
# 'co.uk'

get_tld("http://www.google.idontexist", fail_silently=True)
# None

Get the TLD as an object

from tld import get_tld

res = get_tld("http://some.subdomain.google.co.uk", as_object=True)

res
# 'co.uk'

res.subdomain
# 'some.subdomain'

res.domain
# 'google'

res.tld
# 'co.uk'

res.fld
# 'google.co.uk'

res.parsed_url
# SplitResult(
#     scheme='http',
#     netloc='some.subdomain.google.co.uk',
#     path='',
#     query='',
#     fragment=''
# )

Get TLD name, ignoring the missing protocol

from tld import get_tld, get_fld

get_tld("www.google.co.uk", fix_protocol=True)
# 'co.uk'

get_fld("www.google.co.uk", fix_protocol=True)
# 'google.co.uk'

Return TLD parts as tuple

from tld import parse_tld

parse_tld('http://www.google.com')
# 'com', 'google', 'www'

Get the first level domain name as string from the URL given

from tld import get_fld

get_fld("http://www.google.co.uk")
# 'google.co.uk'

get_fld("http://www.google.idontexist", fail_silently=True)
# None

Check if some tld is a valid tld

from tld import is_tld

is_tld('co.uk)
# True

is_tld('uk')
# True

is_tld('tld.doesnotexist')
# False

is_tld('www.google.com')
# False

Update the list of TLD names

To update/sync the tld names with the most recent version run the following from your terminal:

update-tld-names

Or simply do:

from tld.utils import update_tld_names

update_tld_names()

Troubleshooting

If somehow domain names listed here are not recognised, make sure you have the most recent version of TLD names in your virtual environment:

update-tld-names

Testing

Simply type:

./runtests.py

Or use tox:

tox

Or use tox to check specific env:

tox -e py36

Writing documentation

Keep the following hierarchy.

=====
title
=====

header
======

sub-header
----------

sub-sub-header
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

sub-sub-sub-header
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

sub-sub-sub-sub-header
++++++++++++++++++++++

sub-sub-sub-sub-sub-header
**************************

License

MPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1

Support

For any issues contact me at the e-mail given in the Author section.

Author

Artur Barseghyan <artur.barseghyan@gmail.com>

Indices and tables